vineri, 19 august 2011

Aging in the brains of musicians have a keen

Aging in the brains of musicians have a keen

Published in the April issue of Neuropsychology of the older musicians, according to a new study, cognitive tests, better performance than individuals who did not play an instrument.

To determine the activity of the cognitive benefits of music for more research on children, the first study to examine whether the benefits can extend across a lifetime.

"Musical activity throughout the life of your brain is more capable of accommodating the challenges of an aging mother and the designer and manufacturer, service can be a challenging cognitive exercises," the lead researcher and a clinical neurologist at the University of Emory, said Brenda Hanna-Pladdy. "One band, require years of study, practice and learning, as we get older the brain to compensate for cognitive decline, you can create an alternate contacts."

The study is divided into three groups: individuals age 60-83 were enrolled at 70. Participants or no training in music, musical, or musical training in the study had at least 10 years of a nine years. All the participants in education and fitness at the same level, and Alzheimer's disease, there is no evidence at all.

That the decline of cognitive performance is generally the age of the body, such as Alzheimer's disease and neurodegenerative conditions deteriorate significantly over the functions of the brain was measured by the test.

High levels of musicians have studied music for a long habit of years, reveals a trend towards a lower level of non-musicians and musicians, and performed better on cognitive tests.

High levels of musicians are naming, visuospatial cognitive tests for memory and cognitive flexibility, or the brain's ability to adapt to new information on the most statistically significant higher scores than non-musicians.

"Based on previous research and our study, we believe that music participation is crucial in both years and at the age of acquisition," says Hanna-Pladdy. "Easy to learn a musical instrument before a certain age, and thus a larger effect on brain development can be a learning, enhance critical periods of brain plasticity."

Initial studies of cognitive performance in most musicians can not be conclusively connected to the music of his years, was the reference. Additional studies on the subject, who was Hanna-Pladdy, says more research is needed to explore the possible link.

The study was conducted at the University of Kansas Medical Center. During the study, the medical center at the University of Kansas, Hanna-Pladdy an assistant professor of psychiatry and aging at the University of Kansas Medical Center, Landon Center, a research staff member. Alicia is a cognitive psychologist who is also author of the study, and MacKay, a former research assistant at the University of Kansas Medical Center, Tulsa Community College is now an assistant professor of psychology.

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